Santa Claus Clebrations

The North Pole and Santa Claus

Where is the North Pole Located?
Where is the North Pole Located? The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth and is located in the center of the Arctic Ocean as shown on the following map. The North Pole is at 90 degrees N latitude. The exact position of the North Pole drifts and is currently off Ellef Ringnes Island (Queen Elizabeth Islands in Nunavut, Canada) and off Qaanaaq, Greenland, respectively. 

North Pole and the Arctic Ocean

Map of the North Pole and the Arctic Ocean

Is the North Pole located on a continent?
Is the North Pole located on a continent? No. The North Pole is not on a continent, it is located in the Arctic Ocean as the map shows. The Arctic (or Greenland) ice sheet is a floating ice pack.

What country is the North Pole in?
What country is the North Pole in? Who owns the North pole?  Under international law, no country owns the North Pole or the region of the Arctic Ocean that surrounds it. There are five surrounding Arctic states which surround it: Russia, Canada, Norway, Denmark (via Greenland), and the United States (via Alaska), The Arctic Circle city of Rovaniemi in Finland and the Alaskan city of North Pole both claim to be the home of Santa Claus.

North Pole Temperature?
How cold is the north pole? The temperature in this part of the world ranges in the winter months from a temperature of −43 C (−45 F) to 0 C−34 C (−30 F) temperature during the summer months.

North Pole Weather and Climate
The climate is cool during summer and extremely cold during the winter. The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The coldest month of the year is January. The Temperature varies between night and day. The annual average rainfall is 10.74 Inches which is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, however, the wettest month of the year is July.

North Pole History, Timeline and Expeditions
A North Pole History timeline details the story of what was originally called the Polynia or Open Polar Sea and the explorers who first travelled there:

  • 1827 British naval officer William Edward Parry reached latitude 8245′ North

  • 1871 American Polaris expedition led by Charles Francis Hall, ended in disaster

  • 1879 US naval officer George Washington DeLong also ended in disaster when his ship, the USS Jeanette, was crushed by ice

  • 1895 the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen reached latitude 8614′ North before they were forced to turn back

  • 1897 the Swede, Salomon A. Andre attempted a balloon flight over the region ending in the deaths of the explorers

  • 1903-6 Roald Amundsen (Norway) fixed approximate location of north magnetic pole

  • 1908 Frederic A. Cook (U.S.) claimed he reached North Pole but his story was discredited

  • 1909 Robert E. Peary (U.S.) reached the North Pole

  • 1926 Roald Amundsen (Norway), Lincoln Ellsworth, and Umberto Nobile flew over the region

  • 1928 Australian George Hubert Wilkins flew over from Point Barrow to Svalbard (Spitsbergen)

  • 1951 Charles Blair (U.S.) makes the first solo flight over the region

North Pole

  • The NorthPole
  • Where is the North Pole Located?
  • What country is the North Pole in?
  • Who owns the North pole?
  • Temperature in the winter and the summer months
  • The weather and climate - How cold is the North Pole?
  • History, timeline, expeditions and Facts
  • NorthPole

North Pole

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